FM Research Bites Series(1): The Research Question
College Mirror, Vol 30 No. 4/ Oct - Dec 2004
１．リサーチクエスチョンのはじまり THE ORIGIN OF THE RESEARCH QUESTION
Research originates with an idea about some general problem or question.This problem or question is narrowed down to a more specific research question, which then represents the central issue being addressed. Is it an answerable question?
２．質問を形にする FIRST STEPS IN FORMULATING YOUR QUESTION
The best ideas for research come from everyday clinical problems. When an idea comes up, write it down. Let it lie for a day or two and see if it is worth pursuing. Once you can describe your idea clearly and explain why it is important and how it could be done, you have the beginnings of a research proposal. Let your idea/ proposal mature for a few weeks. Talk it through with a colleague.
４．ここでFINERのチェックリストが登場 THE FINER CRITERIA FOR A GOOD RESEARCH QUESTION A good research question
A good research question is described by the acronym FINER (Hulley & Cummings,1998, p14):
- Feasible (adequate subjects, technical expertise, time and money, and scope)
- Interesting to the investigator
- Novel (confirms or refutes previous findings, provides new findings)
- Relevant (to scientific knowledge, clinical and health policy, future research directions)
５．落とし穴 PITFALLS TO AVOID IN DEVELOPING THE RESEARCH QUESTION
The most common pitfalls to avoid in developing the research are:
- Don't make a simple study difficult
- Have sufficient commitment
- Assess practicalities.
Don't make a simple study difficult. Don'tadd to the study design unwanted questions leading to the collection of unnecessary data. Avoid unfocused questions, which will lead you to collect large amounts of data. The solution is to clarify in detail the purposes of the study, the patient group to be studied or the measurements to be made and prune the less important questions.