CHEST Medical Writing Tips of the Month:011 印象は現実なり:適切なIntroduction

CHEST Medical Writing Tips of the Month:011 印象は現実なり:適切なIntroductionの書き方

How to Make a Good First Impression* A Proper Introduction
MaryAnn Foote, PhD
(CHEST 2006; 130:1935-1937)


A previous article provided some insight on writing a clear and concise 250-word structured abstract for a clinical article.1 Using the same fictional example, I hope to show how to write a good introduction, the first part of the full article in the IMRaD style (ie, introduction, materials and methods, results, and discussion).

Again, I caution, I am offering suggestions and food for thought, not a template, for manuscripts based on clinical hypothesis-testing trials.

→ 前回、250語の構造的アブストラクトを明確で簡潔に書く方法について述べており、今回は、IMRaDスタイル(Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion)のIntroductionを書く方法について。

The introduction should be as short as possible to introduce the topic; 300 words is a good target. If the introduction is much longer and contains too much general knowledge, the reader (and the reviewer) may lose interest. Ideally, a good introduction has three paragraphs that move from a large area of knowledge to the specific research question. These three paragraphs (for an article based on a hypothesis-testing study) should contain the following:

* Why the research question is important;
* The patient population (eg, patients with lung cancer);
* The type of study (eg, open-label; randomized, controlled, double-blind; or prospective or retrospective); and
* The research question that furthers research on the topic.


・Research questionあってこその研究。